In 1967, Spain as a member of the United Nations signed agreements control of certain drugs, therefore, had the will to fight strongly against the “scourge” that represent consumption. During the eighties there was a strong social alarm products consumption of heroin (and cocaine) intravenous, who was associated with crime, marginalization and disease. The policy response was the control and handed over to everything related to the world of drugs fiscalitzades, where consumers were excluded from the social model. The impact of the heroin brought in Spanish society emerged the “drug problem” characterized by irrational fear and rejection towards drugs and their consumers. The drug fiscalitzades were understood from the prohibitionist logic, ie consumption are inherently evil, consumers are problematic and ultimately drug problems inevitably. This image still exists in a part of town where drugs refer to stigma and deviation.
To respond to the problems associated with drug abuse is to share different political actions such as the creation of the National Plan on Drugs in 1985 (Ministry of Health), as well as regional plans, regional and municipal authorities to fight against drugs. The answers were articulated by two types of control, supply and demand. The bid has been characterized by an attempt to reduce the availability of illegal drug markets, which have been responsible security forces, which has led to the prosecution and punishment of consumers and sellers accentuating its vulnerability. And the demand control works for the reduction of drug use, trying to convince the population that has no contact with drugs. The main recipients of prevention strategies have been younger. In many cases, prevention is focused only with dire consequences in consumption, consequences far the majority of consumers who do not carry out a problematic use of substances fiscalitzades.
From the nineties emerging new drug dissociated from the marginalization and featuring young socially integrated. Although the terrible consequences of drug use have declined considerably and the alarm almost disappeared (as indicated by the barometer of the social problems of the Center for Sociological Research, where in May 2013 only 0.2% of the population considered drugs as a social problem), the policy response to Spain has continued to persevere with the prohibitionist model. This situation entails a response through policies that do not help cohesion or social reproduction, as well as evidence of the nearly 300,000 consumers fines or almost 20,000 arrests for drug sales. Despite the heavy investment of public resources in prevention consumption youngest still beginning. The answer prohibition is expensive for the state (prison units in special security forces) and ineffective in the abstinent goals of preserving the population. In addition, the model prohibition fuels the black market and drug trafficking networks that instead of being responsible for the production, distribution and sale of substances delegates market substances Networking little interested in public health or social cohesion. This situation can still be aggravated with the passing of the new Law on Public Safety. Therefore, the Spanish drug policies, beyond the need to reduce risk and damage, focuses on drug consumption pursued by a little historical mimicry helps to reduce the negative impact of consumption.
In recent years at the international level has been profound reflections on the effectiveness and respect for Human Rights prohibitionist policies. In this regard, governments and institutions have opened an in-depth discussion to overcome the current punitive policies and implement more pragmatic policies that strengthen democracy and the power of drug trafficking Minin. Uruguay, Colorado and Washington are three examples of new approaches to drug policy, where the competent authorities have taken charge of the sale of cannabis. Controversy is deep among different models of governance of the phenomenon of drug use and social needs require. Therefore, the Drug Policy Unit would work to investigate and respond to drug policy in the context of Catalan and Spanish.